Activity status data comes from official company registration reports and the company itself is responsible for this information in the first place. However, this does not necessarily mean that the data has been promptly updated either on the company's or the Chamber of Commerce's side, despite being an obligation.
The activity status is a Cerved enhanced version of the official status available in visura.
It can be one of the following values: Attiva, Inattiva, In Scioglimento / Liquidazione, Registrata (bankrupt since 15 years but not officially non-operative), In Procedura Concorsuale, In Procedure; Sospesa, Fallita, Cessata, Cancellata.
This takes into account the possible negative events and various different information contained in official documents, in order to provide an accurate idea of the company's current state.
Cerved and SpazioDati apply additional checks to verify or edit the operativity of a company. Namely, especially when the activity status of a company is "inattiva" (as in idle) — that usually suggests that the activity has not officially started yet — info about verified payments, possibly the certified presence of such company in other registers, balance sheets data, and more could be legitimately considered signs of its operativity.
Variation in revenues, based on the last two officially registered company revenue records. Trend is considered as stable if variation is less than 5%. We take into account revenues of the year after returns, discounts, allowances. They include the variation of work in progress for the companies with multiyear production and real estate proceeds for real estate companies
Each cell of the balance sheets export will cost one credit. The number of credits that will be used in order to export the balance sheets is calculated as:
C x Y x F
This is an upper bound estimation for the real cost that consider all the cells of the export file as non-empty. Some data however might be missing and in this case Atoka will not remove the credits for the empty cells from the user. The maximum amount of the formula above and therefore the maximum cost of the balance sheets export is set to 50 000 credits. So for example it is possible to export either 50 000 companies balance sheets for one year and one field, or (theoretically) to export 37 balance sheets voices for 37 companies for 37 years.
A key concept in our IV Directive CEE balance sheets export is represented by the so-called "groups". Quite simply, depending on the type of company and consequently the balance sheet structure, a balance sheet falls under a specific group.
Groups define the set of inputs — e.g. "Total assets" — that a balance sheet can be composed of. Every balance sheet occurrence that a company may have submitted belongs to a group; as a result of rearrangements or changes of purpose, a company may have its balance sheets change group from year to year.
These groups are defined as follows.
|Translation||Group||Balance sheets types||Validity|
|Insurance companies||Assicurazioni||Assicurazioni con schema secondo DL 26-05-1997, n.173|
|Insurance companies (consolidated)||Assicurazioni (consolidato)||Assicurazioni con schema secondo DL 26-05-1997, n.173 (consolidato)|
|Banks (consolidated)||Banche (consolidato)||Banche (consolidato)||< 2010|
|Banks IAS||Banche IAS||Bilanci bancari IAS||≥ 2010|
|Banks IAS (consolidated)||Banche IAS (consolidato)||Bilanci bancari IAS (consolidato)||≥ 2010|
|Financial Corporations, Brokerage firms and Trust companies||Finanziarie, SIM e Fiduciarie||Finanziarie|
|Finanziarie IAS/IFRS trasposto in IVCEE|
|Sim e Fiduciarie|
|Sim e Fiduciarie IAS/IFRS trasposto in IVCEE|
|Financial Corporations, Brokerage firms and Trust companies (consolidated)||Finanziarie, SIM e Fiduciarie (consolidato)||Finanziarie (consolidato)|
|Finanziarie IAS/IFRS trasposto in IVCEE (consolidato)|
|Sim e Fiduciarie (consolidato)|
|Sim e Fiduciarie IAS/IFRS trasposto in IVCEE (consolidato)|
|Industrial and Multi-year||Industriali e Pluriennali||Industriali, Commerciali e di Servizi|
|Industriali,Commerciali,Servizi IAS/IFRS in IVCEE|
|Pluriennali IAS/IFRS trasposto in IVCEE|
|Industrial and Multi-year (consolidated)||Industriali e Pluriennali (consolidato)
||Industriali, Commerciali e di Servizi (consolidato)|
|Industriali,Commerciali,Servizi IAS/IFRS in IVCEE (consolidato)|
|Pluriennali IAS/IFRS trasposto in IVCEE (consolidato)|
As you may note, most IAS balance sheets were transposed gracefully maintaining their old structure — i.e. the group did not change —, but Banks provide an exception as they were incompatible with the old version, which was permanently dismantled in 2012 (only 1 occurrence in 2011). The transition started in 2010.
Each group yields a corresponding set of balance sheet inputs, identified by a code and a description / label. E.g., code number 10 for Industriali e Pluriennali group maps the label "Crediti verso soci". The Finanziarie, SIM e Fiduciarie group instead will map, for the same code, the label "Capitale sottoscritto non versato", because of how differently the quantity is to be interpreted.
The balance sheet export file is composed of n columns, out of which there will be a column for each balance sheet input — identified by the corresponding code, e.g.
10 —, together with a column that specifies the group that the balance sheet belongs to.